When’s the last time you looked up something you read, word-for-word, and the translation made ZERO sense?

When this happens, you have almost always come across a phrase or expression that you are not familiar with.

Spanish is full of common phrases that cannot be translated literally into English, and as a Spanish learner you MUST learn these word combinations so you won’t be left in the dark.

Here are some essential phrases all Spanish learners should know:

 

1) Acabar de – to have just finished

Acabo de terminar de preparar la cena. Vengan a comer.

I just finished making dinner. Come eat.

 

2) Caerse bien – to be fond of, to get along with

Me cae muy bien tu amiga Rosa.

I am very fond of your friend Rosa.

 

3) Dar a luz – to give birth, to have a baby

¿Cuándo va a dar a luz?

When is she going to have her baby?

 

4) Darse cuenta – to realize, to become aware of

Me dí cuenta de que no apagué el horno antes de salir de la casa.

I became aware that I didn’t turn off the oven before I left the house.

 

5) De nuevo – again, once more

A ver, explícamelo de nuevo por favor. No entendí muy bien.

Wait, explain it to me again please. I didn’t understand very well.

 

6) De repente – suddenly, all of a sudden

Estaban cenando todos cuando de repente se fue la luz.

They were all eating dinner when suddenly the lights went out.

 

7) De vez en cuando – every now and then, sometimes

De vez en cuando me gustaría llegar a la casa y no tener que cocinar.

Every now and then I would like to get home and not have to cook.

 

8) Echar de menos – to miss

¡Adiós abuela! ¡Le echaré de menos!

Bye grandma! I will miss you!

 

9) En cambio – on the other hand, instead

Mi hija mayor es muy tranquila. En cambio, mi hija menor nunca se queda quieta.

My oldest daughter is very calm. On the other hand, my youngest daughter never sits still.

 

10) En serio – really, honestly

¿Tú crees todo lo que nos dijo? ¿En serio?

You believe everything that he told us? Really?

 

11) Estar de prisa – to be in a hurry

Lo siento Mari, no puedo hablar ahora. Estoy de prisa. 

I’m sorry Mari I can’t talk now. I’m in a hurry.

 

12) Hace mucho – a long time ago, awhile

Hace mucho que no veo a tu hermano. ¿Como está?

It has been a long time since I have seen your brother. How is he?

 

13) Hacer caso to pay attention, to notice

Yo sí quería andar contigo pero nunca me hiciste caso.

I wanted to go out with you but you never paid attention to me.

 

14) No vale la pena – it’s not worth it

¡Pero solo ganas tres dólares por hora! Ese trabajo no vale la pena.

But you only earn three dollars an hour! That job is not worth it.

 

15) Por lo menos – at least

Por lo menos te llamó para cancelar la visita.

At least she called to cancel the visit.

 

There you have it, 15 common Spanish phrases you’ve probably heard before.  Now you know what they mean.

Empowering,  isn’t it?

Now What?

Make flashcards with these phrases so you can commit them to memory.  Review them daily until you know them by heart.

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